I am an early-career academic researcher and historian.  In late 2017, I completed my PhD at the University of Edinburgh on the origins of the Scottish Conservative party, 1832–1868, and now work at Durham University.  I am currently a Postdoctoral Research Associate in Durham’s School of Government & International Affairs, working on the ESRC/AHRC-funded research project ‘Causes and Consequences of Electoral Violence: Evidence from England and Wales 1832–1914’, running until the end of 2020.  This project will use new detailed data to examine electoral violence in England and Wales, seeking to discover and provide new answers to some of the most challenging questions concerning what leads to electoral violence, the consequences of electoral violence, and how it can be reduced in other contexts.

My research on the origins of the Scottish Conservative party between 1832–1868 explored the political culture(s) of Scottish politics, interconnections between parties on a British level, the role of parliament and local administration in Scottish governance, and the how ideological make-up of the party affected the course of Scotland and the UK more generally.

More broadly, my current research interests and areas of expertise include Scottish and British political cultures in the nineteenth century, UK radicalism and parliamentary politics in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the development of the newspaper press in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.